Driving

Roadsign crossroadSouth Africa has an excellent road infrastructure; most national roads are tarred and in good condition. 
All signposts are written in English. South Africans drive on the left-hand side of the road.

On single-lane roads the hard shoulder is sometimes used by trucks and slower moving vehicles to allow faster moving vehicles to overtake.
It is regarded as a courtesy to acknowledge this, and thank the slower vehicle, usually with a brief flash of hazard warning lights.

At cross roads the first vehicle to arrive has priority. On round-abouts (also referred to as traffic circles), give way to the right.
Traffic lights are commonly referred to as “robots”.

Many of the national roads between the major centres are toll roads. You may pay cash or with a credit card using MasterCard or Visa.

Most car rental companies are represented at South Africa's main airports and in most city centres.
Vehicles may generally be picked up at one centre and dropped off at a branch in another centre. All major credit cards are accepted.

Any valid driver's licence is accepted in South Africa, provided it bears the photograph and signature of the holder and is printed in English.
Vehicle hire companies require an international driver's licence. Wearing of seat belts is compulsory. Using hand-held phones while driving, is against the law.

All distances, speed limits (and speedometers) are marked in kilometres.
The general speed limit on South Africa's national highways, urban freeways and other major routes is 120km/h (75mph).
On secondary (rural) roads it is 100km/h (60mph). In built-up areas it is usually 60km/h (35mph), unless otherwise indicated. 

Various types of petrol (gas) are available in South Africa: unleaded, 97-, 95- or 93-octane ("super" or "premium"). Diesel is also available. 
Petrol stations are found on both the main and country roads, most of them open 24 hours a day. You may pay cash or with a credit card (MasterCard or Visa).
South African petrol stations are not self-service: an attendant will fill the car, ask if you'd like your oil and water and tire pressure checked, and offer to clean your windscreen, for which he or she will expect a tip of five rand.